返回列表 发帖

[学习方法] 学术英文写作的5个要领

学术写作是一个关系学术生命力的硬性指标。那么在进行学术英文写作时,有哪些tips可以让学术英文写作更加顺利,帮助你更好地表达自己的学术思维?
. @* L4 D9 z: ]3 ]' u
# P" K* {( g9 S! H1- X  A) W+ |( c9 _5 _
Tips1:Do not use contractions
+ \0 @% m' R" j9 s8 y9 d7 O在学术英语写作中,使用缩写会显得文章不够规范和严谨,会降低文章的学术性。
3 I# M  W4 @2 [7 R: H# We.g.3 Y: u2 X7 P' k. r- T
Don'tjudge a book by its cover.(X)
: q! ?3 S& W. m+ NDo notjudge a book by its cover.(√)1 s- k) c. g: i
2, ?' e, ~5 Y( ]) H, w8 {! K
Tips2:Avoid “There is/there are”- x) h# L' R9 O9 h0 C6 w
“There is/there are”会使得句子的主语和宾语倒置,使句子缺乏简洁性和针对性。
# }$ o0 v, e, q0 `e.g.
1 ~& P! N6 N/ W7 GThere aremany development projects that UN supports.(X)
5 [7 q3 Q, t5 R) K0 G. MThe UN supports many development projects.(√)7 z( {* l, D/ x* q% s( l' e8 ]$ M
3
: [7 @6 a0 Y7 e8 r8 P& ITips3:Do not use “Really/Very/A lot/so”
5 B5 w! n! m9 }; N+ w! e“Really/Very/A lot/so”等口语化的表达,会降低文章的学术性。$ Z5 Q4 u# t2 |
e.g.  C: v6 t. m5 f* g5 n
Many students think university is very hard.(X), Z) j& U4 |6 O% S3 `" I
Many students think university is difficult.(√)0 B3 k  a! C) A
4" J5 G1 f! b: e) F0 o2 y3 u
Tips4:UseActive voice rather than Passive voice: I# ~, p0 H- P- J
被动语态会将主语和宾语倒置,会增加句子的复杂性,表达效果没有主动语态直接和具有说服力。  K) A' T- y5 w
e.g.# a5 K3 R* L$ t# @
Healthcare reforms were implementedby Obama.(X)
( E. [) n% b1 e$ W5 ^# a5 ^Obamaimplemtedhealthcare reforms.(√)
- v1 y: ?% B+ s' |9 y5
. ~( E9 C6 P' w! @. d) Y: g8 TTips5:Use strong verbs! g0 [* |- y% N( k
直接运用动词的表达方式会更有说服力和学术性。4 R) `, U4 d  H4 r
He gave assistance tomy friend.(X)
3 S; z+ V% R; u3 Y; g3 \He assistedmy friend.(√)

返回列表