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[学习方法] 学术英文写作的5个要领

学术写作是一个关系学术生命力的硬性指标。那么在进行学术英文写作时,有哪些tips可以让学术英文写作更加顺利,帮助你更好地表达自己的学术思维?: y3 n$ P8 D) m% }# k
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$ x) U4 N7 z  E+ m- WTips1:Do not use contractions
( H! K/ u; M1 q+ p6 U0 W) e8 Z# Q在学术英语写作中,使用缩写会显得文章不够规范和严谨,会降低文章的学术性。! y9 M/ Z5 a9 h. v9 u9 s
e.g.; g; O& B% k! z( V( T+ v4 i& m# A
Don'tjudge a book by its cover.(X)' l" c, o5 S5 R- B
Do notjudge a book by its cover.(√)
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Tips2:Avoid “There is/there are”
9 [" r4 X* b" f) `2 u“There is/there are”会使得句子的主语和宾语倒置,使句子缺乏简洁性和针对性。
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9 }8 u) |. @6 s+ Y7 Z3 ^There aremany development projects that UN supports.(X)# k: X: `7 l2 N  Y
The UN supports many development projects.(√)
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Tips3:Do not use “Really/Very/A lot/so”
# ~" n) U+ V" f9 T7 P! D# M“Really/Very/A lot/so”等口语化的表达,会降低文章的学术性。+ ?0 e9 N4 l9 o5 T) I
e.g.
, ?& B1 V% n9 d* QMany students think university is very hard.(X)9 N/ y$ G1 c; S( p4 |4 _
Many students think university is difficult.(√)( G6 K! U8 Z$ G1 x
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Tips4:UseActive voice rather than Passive voice
; x" R. {& ~2 i% B被动语态会将主语和宾语倒置,会增加句子的复杂性,表达效果没有主动语态直接和具有说服力。- ?. H9 g. Q  B3 P7 A# j% c
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Healthcare reforms were implementedby Obama.(X)5 ~. ~" z2 h; k
Obamaimplemtedhealthcare reforms.(√)# _2 z8 ]0 B0 L6 }7 s1 u0 U
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7 c, L2 Q# F5 g1 eTips5:Use strong verbs
" ]. |2 Y4 ~3 g! l1 O直接运用动词的表达方式会更有说服力和学术性。7 P% i' W+ G: c5 g+ m- @
He gave assistance tomy friend.(X): O- T8 ^+ d6 u/ y* G
He assistedmy friend.(√)

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